List of flag-carrying airlines


Country Airline Designated State-owned
Afghanistan Ariana Afghan Airlines Yes Majority
Albania Albanian Airlines Yes Joint-Venture
Andorra AeroKing Andorra Yes Joint-Venture between Eagle Aviation España andTAP Portugal
Algeria Air Algérie Yes Majority (By opening its capital)
Angola TAAG Angola Airlines Yes Full
Åland Islands Air Åland
Argentina Aerolíneas Argentinas Yes Full
Armenia Armavia Yes No
Australia Qantas Yes No
Austria Austrian Airlines Yes Minority (42.75%)
<Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Airlines Yes Full
Bahamas Bahamasair Yes Full
Bahrain Gulf Air Yes Full
Bangladesh Biman Bangladesh Airlines Yes Full
Barbados LIAT No No
Belarus Belavia Yes Full
Belgium Brussels Airlines Yes No
Belize Maya Island Air No No
Benin Benin Golf Air Yes No
Bhutan Drukair Yes Full
Bolivia AeroSur Yes Minority (48%)
Bosnia and Herzegovina B&H Airlines Yes Majority (51%)
Botswana Air Botswana Yes Full
Brazil TAM Airlines Yes No
Brunei Royal Brunei Airlines Yes Full
Bulgaria Bulgaria Air Yes No
Hemus Air Yes No
Burkina Faso Air Burkina Yes Majority
Burundi Air Burundi Yes Full
Cambodia Royal Khmer Airlines Yes Full
Cameroon Cameroon Airlines Yes
Canada Air Canada Yes No (privatised in 1988)
Cape Verde TACV Cabo Verde Airlines Yes Full
Cayman Islands Cayman Airways Yes
Chad Toumaï Air Tchad
Chile LAN Airlines No
China Air China Yes Majority
Colombia Avianca Yes No
Comoros Air Comores International
Republic of the Congo Trans Air Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo Hewa Bora Airways
Costa Rica Lacsa (now part of TACA)
Côte d’Ivoire Air Ivoire
Croatia Croatia Airlines Yes Majority
Cuba Cubana de Aviación Yes Full
Cyprus Cyprus Airways Yes Majority
Northern Cyprus Cyprus Turkish Airlines
Czech Republic Czech Airlines Yes Full
Denmark Scandinavian Airlines System Yes Joint-Venture
Djibouti Air Djibouti
Dominican Republic Air Dominicana Yes Minority (33%)
Ecuador TAME
Egypt EgyptAir Yes Full
El Salvador TACA
Equatorial Guinea Ecuato Guineana
Eritrea Eritrean Airlines Yes Full
Estonia Estonian Air Yes Minority
Ethiopia Ethiopian Airlines Yes Full
Faroe Islands Atlantic Airways
Fiji Air Pacific
Finland Finnair Yes Majority
France Air France No Minority
French Guiana Air Guyane Yes
French Polynesia Air Tahiti Nui Yes
Gabon Gabon Airlines
Gambia Gambia International Airlines Yes
Georgia Georgian Airways Yes
Guernsey Aurigny Air Services Yes Full
Germany Lufthansa Yes No
Ghana Ghana International Airlines Yes
Greece Olympic Airlines Yes Majority
Greenland Air Greenland Yes
Guadeloupe Air Caraïbes
Guam Continental Micronesia
Guatemala Aviateca (now part of TACA) / Tikal Jets Airlines (now defunct)
Guinea Air Guinee Express Yes
Guyana Caribbean Airlines No
Haiti Tortug’ Air
Honduras TACA
Hong Kong Cathay Pacific Yes No
Hungary Malév Yes No
Iceland Icelandair Yes No
Indonesia Garuda Indonesia Yes Full
India Air India Yes Full
Indian Yes Full
Iran Iran Air Yes Full
Iraq Iraqi Airways Yes Full
Ireland Aer Lingus Yes Minority (28%)
Israel El Al Yes Minority (30%)
Italy Alitalia Yes No (Privatised in 2009)
Jamaica Air Jamaica Yes
Japan Japan Airlines Yes No
Jordan Royal Jordanian Airlines Yes
Kazakhstan Air Astana Yes 51%
Kenya Kenya Airways Yes
Kiribati Air Kiribati Yes
North Korea Air Koryo Yes Full
South Korea Korean Air Yes No
Asiana Airlines No No
Kuwait Kuwait Airways Yes Full
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan Airlines Yes Majority
Laos Lao Airlines Yes Full
Latvia Air Baltic Yes Majority
Lebanon Middle East Airlines Full
Liberia Air Liberia Yes
Libya Libyan Arab Airlines Yes
Luxembourg Luxair Yes Minority
Macau Air Macau Yes No
Macedonia MAT Macedonian Airlines Yes No
Madagascar Air Madagascar Yes Majority
Malawi Air Malawi Yes Full
Malaysia Malaysia Airlines Yes Minority
Maldives Maldivian Yes Full
Mali Air Mali International Yes No
Malta Air Malta Yes Majority
Marshall Islands Air Marshall Islands Yes Full
Martinique Air Caraïbes Yes No
Mauritania Mauritania Airways Minority
Mauritius Air Mauritius Yes Minority
Mexico Aeromexico
Mexicana Yes
Federated States of Micronesia Continental Micronesia
Moldova Air Moldova Yes
Mongolia MIAT Mongolian Airlines Yes
Montenegro Montenegro Airlines Yes
Montserrat Air Montserrat
Morocco Royal Air Maroc Yes
Mozambique Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique Yes
Myanmar Myanma Airways Yes Yes
Namibia Air Namibia Yes
Nauru Our Airline Yes
Nepal Nepal Airlines Yes
Netherlands KLM Yes No
Netherlands Antilles Dutch Antilles Express
New Caledonia Aircalin
New Zealand Air New Zealand Yes Majority
Nicaragua NICA (now part of TACA) Yes
Nigeria Virgin Nigeria Airways Yes No
Norway Scandinavian Airlines System Yes Minority
Oman Oman Air Yes Majority (82.4%)
Pakistan Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) Yes Majority (87%)
Palestinian Authority Palestinian Airlines Full
Panama Copa Airlines Yes No
Papua New Guinea Air Niugini
Paraguay Regional Paraguaya Yes No
Peru Air Perú
Philippines Philippine Airlines Yes Joint-Venture
Poland LOT Polish Airlines Yes Majority (67.97%)
Portugal TAP Portugal Yes Full
Qatar Qatar Airways Yes
Republic of China China Airlines[8] No Majority (54%)
Réunion Air Austral
Romania TAROM Yes Majority (95%)
Russia Rossiya Yes Full
Aeroflot Yes 51.17%
Rwanda Rwandair Express Yes
Samoa Polynesian Blue
São Tomé and Príncipe STP Airways
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian Airlines Yes Full
Senegal Air Sénégal International Yes
Serbia Jat Airways Yes Full
Seychelles Air Seychelles Yes
Sierra Leone Sierra National Airlines Yes
Singapore Singapore Airlines Yes Majority (54%)
Slovakia Air Slovakia
Slovenia Adria Airways
Solomon Islands Solomon Airlines Yes
Somalia Somali Airlines[10] Yes
South Africa South African Airways Yes
Spain Iberia Yes Minority (5%)
Sri Lanka SriLankan Airlines Yes
Sudan Sudan Airways Yes
Suriname Surinam Airways Yes
Sweden Scandinavian Airlines System Yes Joint-Venture
Swaziland Royal Swazi National Airways
Switzerland Swiss International Air Lines [12] Yes No
Syria Syrian Air Yes Full
Tajikistan Tajik Air Yes
Tanzania Air Tanzania Yes
Thailand Thai Airways International Yes Majority (53%)
Togo Air Togo Yes
Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean Airlines Yes Full
Tunisia Tunisair Yes
Turkey Turkish Airlines Yes Majority
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Airlines Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands Air Turks and Caicos Yes
Uganda Air Uganda Yes
Ukraine Ukraine International Airlines Yes Majority
United Arab Emirates Etihad Airways Yes Yes
Emirates Yes Yes
United Kingdom British Airways Yes No (Privatised in 1987)
United States None, for many years, until its collapse in 1991, Pan Am was the official flag carrier.[15]Today, every airline with an operating certificate in the United States is considered a flag carrier.[clarification needed]
Uruguay PLUNA Yes Minority (25%)
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Airways Yes Majority
Vanuatu Air Vanuatu Yes
Venezuela Conviasa Yes Full
Vietnam Vietnam Airlines Yes Full
Yemen Yemenia Yes
Zambia Zambian Airways Yes
Zimbabwe Air Zimbabwe Yes