India Carnivals


In India, the Carnival is celebrated in two states: Goa and Kerala.

Goa (which was a Portuguese colony) has a long tradition of celebrating „Carnivaal” with colorful masks and floats. The city of Loutulim has the largest Carnival which sees merry residents gathered on the streets amid beating of drums and reverberating music. The celebrations run three days culminating in a carnival parade on fat Tuesday. There is participation of a large number of tourists. Dance troupes performed skits before throwing water on each other. After the revelry, song and dance, great food and good wine come together beautifully. After partying, the crowds enjoy a delightful Goan cuisine at a buffet dinner.

When: February, before Easter
Where: Entire Goa
Duration: Three Days
Highlights: Street plays, songs, dances, parades, feasting and merry making

If you want to participate to Goa Carnival, you check here the Goa Travel Tips

In contrast, the state of Kerala has very different celebrations. The festival is called „Raasa” (means fun in Sanskrit and in early malayalam). No masks are worn, but there is music and festivities, sometimes with fireworks.

The Raasas are organized on the Tuesday before Ash Wednesday by local catholic churches, and usually culminate in a public mass or a mass conducted in the church.

Even though mostly Syrian or Roman Catholic Christians only take part in Raasa Parade (which is considered the religious part), both Hindus and Muslims join to watch and join the public mass by Christians in the festivities.

There is no food at the end of the celebration but there are fireworks organized by some churches. People however offer half boiled or raw rice for the „Chembeduppu” ceremony in large copper vessels („Chembu”) kept at the Church. The copper vessels carrying the half-boiled rice were taken out in a Raasa procession by the faithfuls with traditional Church orchestra playing the accompaniment.

The golden and the silver cross as well as the Papal and Catholicate flags were also taken out with the Raasa procession. (the Source: Wikipedia)


Cheap International Calls


In most of the Europe countries you can find many Internet & Call Centers where you can make cheap calls all over the world.

There are many internet software solutions you can install on your computer or your phone, and you can make free or calls at a very low rate, depending on the country you are calling from or the country where you are calling to.

For example, with Skype, you can make unlimited calls to landlines with a monthly subscription or free calls between the computers.

One of the sollution we found to be very convenient is Rebtel.  This is a sollution that you don’t need to buy a calling card or you don’t need to download any program on your computer or phone. You can make international calls at the rate of a local call. Check their website for more details about this solution.


International Dialing Codes


1) If you want to dial a number from another country and you don’t know what the dialing prefixes are, you can use this website to find out a dialing code for any country in this world:

2) Another more interesting resource is allowing you more search possibilities: search a country international dialing code by country, search a country by international dialing code, quick alphabetical list for international dialing codes:


Embassy world database – Search for a specific embassy/consulate in a country: – a complete database search directory for all the embassies all over the world.

Directory & Search Engine Of Every Nation’s Embassies & Consulates. Serving the diplomatic community and the online community since 1996, EmbassyWorld is designed to provide a comprehensive list of contact resources for all of the world’s diplomatic offices. Their goal is to provide an easy-to-navigate directory that is clearly laid out and fully cross-indexed. This database is searchable via a bi-lateral search engine to search both host location and hosted embassy from dual query boxes.  Whether your intent is to travel, renew a passport, seek consulate assistance, or relocate to another nation, they provide the information you are seeking. They have maps, a growing database of tools to make variance in international standards easily convertible or accessible, as well as information on international relocation, including relocation reports.


Low cost airlines in the world


Aer Arann, Aer Lingus, Air Arabia, Air Baltic, Air Berlin, Air France, Air Finland, Air Italy, Air New Zealand, Air Scotland, Air Service Plus, Air Southwest, Air Transat, AirAsia, AirTran Airways, Allegiant Air, Alpi Eagles, Arkefly, Atlas Blue, Austrian Airlines
Baboo, BellAir, Blue-express, Blue Air, Blue1, Mmi, Bmibaby, British Airways, Brussels Airlines
Central Wings, Cimber Air, City Airline, Click4Sky, Clickair, Condor, Corendon
Danube Wings, Dau Air
EasyJet, Emirates, Etihad Airways, Evolavia, Excel Airwaves
Finncomm Airlines, Firefly, Flybe, Flyglobespan, Frontier Airlines
GermanWings, Globespan
Hawaiian Airlines, Helvetic Airways, Hapag Lloyd Express
Iceland Express, Icelandair, InterSky, Italy Airlines
Jet2, Jet4you, Jetairfly, JetBlue Airways, Jetstar Airways
LAN Airlines, Lauda Air, Lufthansa
Martinair, Meridiana, Mexicana Airlines, Monarch Airlines, MyAir
Norwegian Air Shuttle
Pacific Blue, Pegasus Airlines
Qatar Airways
SAS, Singapore Airlines, Sky Express,SkyEurope, Skyways, Smart Wings, Southwest Airlines, Spanair, Spirit Airlines, Sun Country Airlines, SunExpress, Swiss International Air Lines
Thomas Cook Airlines, Thomsonfly, Tiger Airways, Transavia, TUIfly
V Australia, Virgin America, Virgin Atlantic, Virgin Blue, Vueling
WestJet, Wind Jet, Wizz Air


European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA)


On one can find information about aviation professionals and industry, the organisations and agencies involved in rule-making, standardisation and international cooperation, certifications, air worthiness directives, safety analysis and research and flight standards.

On you can search and find PDF documents, in a a web-based Rulemaking Handbook database.

This tool is currently applicable for Air Operations rules (NPA 2009-02B, NPA 2009-02C, NPA 2009-02E) and for Part Organisation Requirements (NPA 2008-22C). For the moment, the requirements related to the Authority (NPA 2008-22B, NPA 2009-02D and NPA 2008-17B/C) are not included in the Rulemaking Handbook.

You can find documents about Personnel requirements (cabin crew members, Technical crew member, Flight crew member), Medical Requirements, Pilot Training Requirements, Air Operations Requirements (Commercial Air Transport, Commercial operations other than Commercial Air Transport, Non-commercial operation, Specific Operational Requirements).


Passenger air-safety: Top 10 Airline Safety Tips


Top 10 Airline Safety Tips
Due to the events of 11 September 2001, there have been a variety of changes in the air travel in the U.S. and elsewhere in the world. In addition to advice on this page, also provides other information related to the current air travel situation:

Fly on Nonstop Routings

Most accidents occur during the takeoff, climb, descent, and landing phase of flight so flying nonstop would reduce exposure to these most accident prone phases of flight.

Choose Larger Aircraft
Currently, aircraft with more than 30 passenger seats were all designed and certified under the strictest regulations. Also, in the unlikely event of a serious accident, larger aircraft provide a better opportunity for passenger survival.

Pay Attention to the Preflight Briefing
Although the information seems repetitious, the locations of the closest emergency exits may be different depending on the aircraft that you fly on and seat you are in.

Keep the Overhead Storage Bin Free of Heavy Articles
Overhead storage bins may not be able to hold very heavy objects during turbulence, so if you or another passenger have trouble lifting an article into the bin, have it stored elsewhere.

Keep Your Seat Belt Fastened While You are Seated
Keeping the belt on when you are seated provides that extra protection you might need if the plane hits unexpected turbulence.

Listen to the Flight Attendants
The primary reason flight attendants are on an aircraft is for safety, so if one of them asks you to do something like fasten your seat belts, do it first and ask questions later.

Don’t Bring Any Hazardous Material
There are rather long lists of hazardous materials that are not allowed, but common sense should tell you that you shouldn’t bring gasoline, corrosives, poisonous gases, and other such items on the aircraft unless they were allowed by the airline and shipped in a proper container.

Let the Flight Attendant Pour Your Hot Drinks
Flight attendants are trained to handle hot drinks like coffee or tea in a crowded aisle on a moving aircraft, so allow them to pour the drink and hand it too you.

Don’t Drink Too Much
The atmosphere in an airliner cabin is pressurized to about the same altitude as Denver, so any alcohol you consume will affect you more strongly than at sea level. Moderation is a good policy at any altitude.

Keep Your Wits About You
In the unlikely event that you are involved in an emergency situation such as a precautionary emergency evacuation, follow the directions of the flight attendants and flight crew and exit the aircraft as quickly as possible.

(this article was reproduced from website)


Aviation safety – aircrush database


On you can find information regarding airline safety, safety assessment actions, and passenger safety.

You also search an air-crush database updated every week, that contains descriptions of over 12,200 airliner, military transport category aircraft and corporate jet aircraft safety occurrences since 1943 till present.

The database can be accessed in different ways:
» Type indexes: Jets, Turboprop aircraft and Piston aircraft
» Geographical region/country index
» (contributory) Cause index
» Airlines index (alphabetical listing by country)
» Airport list: departure/destination airports for accident/hijacked flights
» Registrations list

You can also access statistics of air-incidents:

  • Statistics by period
  • Statistics by flight phase
  • Statistics by flight nature
  • Statistics – worst accidents
  • Statistics – geographical breakdown


List of flag-carrying airlines


Country Airline Designated State-owned
Afghanistan Ariana Afghan Airlines Yes Majority
Albania Albanian Airlines Yes Joint-Venture
Andorra AeroKing Andorra Yes Joint-Venture between Eagle Aviation España andTAP Portugal
Algeria Air Algérie Yes Majority (By opening its capital)
Angola TAAG Angola Airlines Yes Full
Åland Islands Air Åland
Argentina Aerolíneas Argentinas Yes Full
Armenia Armavia Yes No
Australia Qantas Yes No
Austria Austrian Airlines Yes Minority (42.75%)
<Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Airlines Yes Full
Bahamas Bahamasair Yes Full
Bahrain Gulf Air Yes Full
Bangladesh Biman Bangladesh Airlines Yes Full
Barbados LIAT No No
Belarus Belavia Yes Full
Belgium Brussels Airlines Yes No
Belize Maya Island Air No No
Benin Benin Golf Air Yes No
Bhutan Drukair Yes Full
Bolivia AeroSur Yes Minority (48%)
Bosnia and Herzegovina B&H Airlines Yes Majority (51%)
Botswana Air Botswana Yes Full
Brazil TAM Airlines Yes No
Brunei Royal Brunei Airlines Yes Full
Bulgaria Bulgaria Air Yes No
Hemus Air Yes No
Burkina Faso Air Burkina Yes Majority
Burundi Air Burundi Yes Full
Cambodia Royal Khmer Airlines Yes Full
Cameroon Cameroon Airlines Yes
Canada Air Canada Yes No (privatised in 1988)
Cape Verde TACV Cabo Verde Airlines Yes Full
Cayman Islands Cayman Airways Yes
Chad Toumaï Air Tchad
Chile LAN Airlines No
China Air China Yes Majority
Colombia Avianca Yes No
Comoros Air Comores International
Republic of the Congo Trans Air Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo Hewa Bora Airways
Costa Rica Lacsa (now part of TACA)
Côte d’Ivoire Air Ivoire
Croatia Croatia Airlines Yes Majority
Cuba Cubana de Aviación Yes Full
Cyprus Cyprus Airways Yes Majority
Northern Cyprus Cyprus Turkish Airlines
Czech Republic Czech Airlines Yes Full
Denmark Scandinavian Airlines System Yes Joint-Venture
Djibouti Air Djibouti
Dominican Republic Air Dominicana Yes Minority (33%)
Ecuador TAME
Egypt EgyptAir Yes Full
El Salvador TACA
Equatorial Guinea Ecuato Guineana
Eritrea Eritrean Airlines Yes Full
Estonia Estonian Air Yes Minority
Ethiopia Ethiopian Airlines Yes Full
Faroe Islands Atlantic Airways
Fiji Air Pacific
Finland Finnair Yes Majority
France Air France No Minority
French Guiana Air Guyane Yes
French Polynesia Air Tahiti Nui Yes
Gabon Gabon Airlines
Gambia Gambia International Airlines Yes
Georgia Georgian Airways Yes
Guernsey Aurigny Air Services Yes Full
Germany Lufthansa Yes No
Ghana Ghana International Airlines Yes
Greece Olympic Airlines Yes Majority
Greenland Air Greenland Yes
Guadeloupe Air Caraïbes
Guam Continental Micronesia
Guatemala Aviateca (now part of TACA) / Tikal Jets Airlines (now defunct)
Guinea Air Guinee Express Yes
Guyana Caribbean Airlines No
Haiti Tortug’ Air
Honduras TACA
Hong Kong Cathay Pacific Yes No
Hungary Malév Yes No
Iceland Icelandair Yes No
Indonesia Garuda Indonesia Yes Full
India Air India Yes Full
Indian Yes Full
Iran Iran Air Yes Full
Iraq Iraqi Airways Yes Full
Ireland Aer Lingus Yes Minority (28%)
Israel El Al Yes Minority (30%)
Italy Alitalia Yes No (Privatised in 2009)
Jamaica Air Jamaica Yes
Japan Japan Airlines Yes No
Jordan Royal Jordanian Airlines Yes
Kazakhstan Air Astana Yes 51%
Kenya Kenya Airways Yes
Kiribati Air Kiribati Yes
North Korea Air Koryo Yes Full
South Korea Korean Air Yes No
Asiana Airlines No No
Kuwait Kuwait Airways Yes Full
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan Airlines Yes Majority
Laos Lao Airlines Yes Full
Latvia Air Baltic Yes Majority
Lebanon Middle East Airlines Full
Liberia Air Liberia Yes
Libya Libyan Arab Airlines Yes
Luxembourg Luxair Yes Minority
Macau Air Macau Yes No
Macedonia MAT Macedonian Airlines Yes No
Madagascar Air Madagascar Yes Majority
Malawi Air Malawi Yes Full
Malaysia Malaysia Airlines Yes Minority
Maldives Maldivian Yes Full
Mali Air Mali International Yes No
Malta Air Malta Yes Majority
Marshall Islands Air Marshall Islands Yes Full
Martinique Air Caraïbes Yes No
Mauritania Mauritania Airways Minority
Mauritius Air Mauritius Yes Minority
Mexico Aeromexico
Mexicana Yes
Federated States of Micronesia Continental Micronesia
Moldova Air Moldova Yes
Mongolia MIAT Mongolian Airlines Yes
Montenegro Montenegro Airlines Yes
Montserrat Air Montserrat
Morocco Royal Air Maroc Yes
Mozambique Linhas Aéreas de Moçambique Yes
Myanmar Myanma Airways Yes Yes
Namibia Air Namibia Yes
Nauru Our Airline Yes
Nepal Nepal Airlines Yes
Netherlands KLM Yes No
Netherlands Antilles Dutch Antilles Express
New Caledonia Aircalin
New Zealand Air New Zealand Yes Majority
Nicaragua NICA (now part of TACA) Yes
Nigeria Virgin Nigeria Airways Yes No
Norway Scandinavian Airlines System Yes Minority
Oman Oman Air Yes Majority (82.4%)
Pakistan Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) Yes Majority (87%)
Palestinian Authority Palestinian Airlines Full
Panama Copa Airlines Yes No
Papua New Guinea Air Niugini
Paraguay Regional Paraguaya Yes No
Peru Air Perú
Philippines Philippine Airlines Yes Joint-Venture
Poland LOT Polish Airlines Yes Majority (67.97%)
Portugal TAP Portugal Yes Full
Qatar Qatar Airways Yes
Republic of China China Airlines[8] No Majority (54%)
Réunion Air Austral
Romania TAROM Yes Majority (95%)
Russia Rossiya Yes Full
Aeroflot Yes 51.17%
Rwanda Rwandair Express Yes
Samoa Polynesian Blue
São Tomé and Príncipe STP Airways
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian Airlines Yes Full
Senegal Air Sénégal International Yes
Serbia Jat Airways Yes Full
Seychelles Air Seychelles Yes
Sierra Leone Sierra National Airlines Yes
Singapore Singapore Airlines Yes Majority (54%)
Slovakia Air Slovakia
Slovenia Adria Airways
Solomon Islands Solomon Airlines Yes
Somalia Somali Airlines[10] Yes
South Africa South African Airways Yes
Spain Iberia Yes Minority (5%)
Sri Lanka SriLankan Airlines Yes
Sudan Sudan Airways Yes
Suriname Surinam Airways Yes
Sweden Scandinavian Airlines System Yes Joint-Venture
Swaziland Royal Swazi National Airways
Switzerland Swiss International Air Lines [12] Yes No
Syria Syrian Air Yes Full
Tajikistan Tajik Air Yes
Tanzania Air Tanzania Yes
Thailand Thai Airways International Yes Majority (53%)
Togo Air Togo Yes
Trinidad and Tobago Caribbean Airlines Yes Full
Tunisia Tunisair Yes
Turkey Turkish Airlines Yes Majority
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Airlines Yes
Turks and Caicos Islands Air Turks and Caicos Yes
Uganda Air Uganda Yes
Ukraine Ukraine International Airlines Yes Majority
United Arab Emirates Etihad Airways Yes Yes
Emirates Yes Yes
United Kingdom British Airways Yes No (Privatised in 1987)
United States None, for many years, until its collapse in 1991, Pan Am was the official flag carrier.[15]Today, every airline with an operating certificate in the United States is considered a flag carrier.[clarification needed]
Uruguay PLUNA Yes Minority (25%)
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Airways Yes Majority
Vanuatu Air Vanuatu Yes
Venezuela Conviasa Yes Full
Vietnam Vietnam Airlines Yes Full
Yemen Yemenia Yes
Zambia Zambian Airways Yes
Zimbabwe Air Zimbabwe Yes


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